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Steam Engineering Products

Turbine Bypass Valve

A turbine bypass valve is a crucial component in steam turbine systems, playing a vital role in controlling steam flow, protecting equipment, and ensuring safe and efficient operation.
Turbine Bypass Valve


Steam Engineering Products - Turbine Bypass Valve
Size Range

2- 500 NPS

Body Materials

A182F12, A182F22, A182F91, or F92.

Temperature Range

upto 620 C

Stem Materials

A182F12, A182F22, A182F91, or F92.

Maximum Allowable Operating Pressure

ANSI 150#–ANSI 4500#

Shutoff Rating

class V or MSS SP-61


Up to 25:1 for the complete valve


ASME, PED, IBR, CRN, ISO 9001/14001


Pneumatic, hydraulic or electrical


Expanded outlet, Live load gland seal packings

    • Fully customizable inlet, outlet connections
    • Complies with the following standards: ASME, EN, PED
    • Forged valve body with uniform thickness and trim design optimized to withstand thermal cycling
    • High shut-off class
    • Excellent rangeability
    • Balanced plug design requires smaller actuating forces, and so allows for smaller and pneumatic actuators
    • Pressure seal bonnet for simpler and quicker maintenance. No special tools necessary
    • Compatible with pneumatic, hydraulic and electrical actuation
    • Easily exchangeable seat as option for further reduced maintenance downtime
    • Optimized packing design


    • Turbine Protection: By diverting excess steam flow, the valve safeguards the turbine from damage caused by excessive pressure or flow rates, ensuring its longevity and reliable operation.
    • Start-Up and Shutdown Control: The bypass valve enables a gradual introduction or removal of steam during turbine startup and shutdown procedures. This prevents rapid pressure changes and thermal stress that could damage the turbine components.
    • Load Control: The ability to regulate steam flow through the bypass valve allows for adjustments in power output to meet varying electrical load demands on the power grid. By efficiently controlling steam flow, the plant can optimize power generation while minimizing wasted energy.
    • Emergency Shutdown: The bypass valve provides a quick and reliable way to isolate the turbine in case of emergencies such as equipment failure or system malfunctions. This rapid isolation helps prevent catastrophic events and ensures plant safety.
    • Improved System Efficiency: Optimized steam flow control through the bypass valve can contribute to overall plant efficiency by reducing energy losses and ensuring the turbine operates within its optimal operating range.


    • Maximum steam flow rate and pressure requirements: The chosen valve needs to handle the expected steam flow and pressure of the specific turbine system.
    • Turbine size and capacity: The valve size needs to be compatible with the turbine’s capacity to ensure proper flow control.
    • Control system integration needs: The actuation type (manual, pneumatic, or electric) should be chosen based on desired control methods and integration with the plant’s control system.
    • Safety relief requirements: The valve’s safety relief function needs to meet the specific pressure relief needs of the turbine system.

The control method depends on the specific application and plant requirements. Manual, pneumatic, or electrical actuators can be used, with some integrating into plant control systems for automated operation based on pre-set parameters or real-time adjustments.

    • Regular inspection and maintenance are crucial to ensure proper operation and safety relief functionality. The specific maintenance schedule will depend on the valve type, operating conditions, and manufacturer’s recommendations. Preventive maintenance helps identify and address potential issues before they cause problems.

A malfunctioning bypass valve can lead to various issues, including turbine overspeed, damage to turbine blades, or even catastrophic failure. Proper maintenance and redundancy measures (having backup valves) are crucial to mitigate these risks

Yes, they are designed to withstand a wide range of temperatures and pressures, depending on the specific lining and materials used.


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